|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]曹 杨 王红红 林 超 吕松松 王魁涛 李忠涛.清管收球作业伤亡事故模型及安全等级模糊综合评价[J].中国海上油气,2020,32(05):174-181.[doi:10.11935/j.issn.1673-1506.2020.05.022]
 CAO Yang WANG Honghong LIN Chao LYU Songsong WANG Kuitao LI Zhongtao.Casualty accident model of pig receiving and the safety level fuzzy comprehensive assessment[J].China Offshore Oil and Gas,2020,32(05):174-181.[doi:10.11935/j.issn.1673-1506.2020.05.022]
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清管收球作业伤亡事故模型及安全等级模糊综合评价()

《中国海上油气》[ISSN:1673-1506/CN:11-5339/TE]

卷:
第32卷
期数:
2020年05期
页码:
174-181
栏目:
海洋工程
出版日期:
2020-09-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Casualty accident model of pig receiving and the safety level fuzzy comprehensive assessment
文章编号:
1673-1506(2020)05-0174-08
作者:
曹 杨1 王红红1 林 超2 吕松松1 王魁涛1 李忠涛1
(1. 中海油研究总院有限责任公司 北京 100028; 2. 中海石油(中国)有限公司天津分公司 天津 300452)
Author(s):
CAO Yang1 WANG Honghong1 LIN Chao2 LYU Songsong1 WANG Kuitao1 LI Zhongtao1
(1. CNOOC Research Institute Co., Ltd., Beijing 100028, China; 2. CNOOC China Limited, Tianjin Branch, Tianjin 300452, China)
关键词:
清管收球作业 伤亡事故 事故树 评价指标 安全等级 模糊综合评价
Keywords:
pig receiving casualty accident FAT assessment indicator safety level fuzzy comprehensive assessment
分类号:
TE88
DOI:
10.11935/j.issn.1673-1506.2020.05.022
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
海上平台清管收球作业危险性高,对作业人员的安全与健康构成威胁。本文首先通过对清管收球作业过程及相关事故进行分析,构建了清管收球作业伤亡事故模型及其演化过程; 并据此绘制了清管收球作业伤亡事件的事故树,分析得出了导致该类事故发生的基本事件; 然后根据AHP理论构建了以收球装置的可靠性、清管器的适用性、作业人员操作水平和现场作业组织管理为主的清管收球作业安全评价指标体系; 并对某平台清管收球作业安全等级进行了模糊综合评价,结果发现该平台清管收球作业安全等级为“较好”,与主观投票结果有较好的一致性,且清管收球作业安全状态存在着向“一般”转化的趋势。建议海上平台清管作业应从提高进/出口阀门、泄压阀、放空阀、压力表等关键部件的可靠性、优化压力泄放操作以及设置警戒区域等方面来降低潜在危险,提高收球作业的安全性
Abstract:
Pig receiving on offshore platform is highly risk and endangers the safety and health of working staff seriously. In this paper, the casualty accident model during the pig receiving and its evolution process were constructed through analyzing the process of pig receiving and related accidents; on this basis, it is able to plot a FAT about the casualty accident during pig receiving, and further clarify the basic events leading to those accidents. Then based on AHP theory, a safety assessment indicator system mainly considering the reliability of pig receiving device, the applicability of pig, the operation level of staff, and the field management has been established. Safety level of pig receiving on an offshore platform has been comprehensively evaluated via fuzzy assessment method. This evaluation reveals that the safety level of pig receiving can be ranked as “good”, which is coincided with the result of subjective vote investigation, and the safety condition of pig receiving is likely converted to “ordinary” level. In order to enhance the safety and decrease the potential risk of pig receiving on offshore platform, it is recommended to improve the reliability of key components(i.e., inlet/outlet valves, relief valve, purge valve and manometer), optimize the depressurization operation and set up the warning areas

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-02-20 改回日期:2020-03-17 *工业和信息化部高技术船舶科研项目“水下油气生产系统全生命周期可靠性保障技术体系研究(编号:MC-201709-S01)”、中海石油(中国)有限公司科技项目“在役油气生产平台上部设施安全评估技术研究(编号:YXKY-2018-ZY-06)”部分研究成果。第一作者简介: 曹杨,男,工程师,2019年毕业于北京科技大学安全科学与工程专业获博士学位,主要从事在役海上平台安全分析与评价方面的研究工作。地址:北京市朝阳区太阳宫南街6号院海油大厦B座(邮编:100028)。E-mail:caoyang15@cnooc.com.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-09-20